EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET SO ANGRY.
Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.
The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, & important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.
P.s.. For the graph above if anyone is wondering… the dark ages were NOT responsible for the burning of the famous main library at Alexandria & is not trying to put blame on anyone.
Because we’re not allowed to own people anymore.
What is the scariest thing about a white person in prison?
You know he did it.
how many Chicago cops does it take to change a light bulb? None, they just beat the room for being black.”
A good looking 50 year old white man is trying to get laid on reality TV. What show are you watching?
To catch a predator.
Why do white girls travel in groups of three or five?
They can’t even
What do you call 64 white people in a room? A full blooded Cherokee."
at dinner last night, a coworker was talking about hanging out with his white friends and getting fed up with the racist jokes, and asked them to tell a white people joke. nobody had any, so he googled and found these. after a few of them, people were a lot less comfortable.
white folks, next time you hear a racist joke, maybe lead with one of these in response. tag this “I’m white” when you reblog it, if you are.
Wizard archaeologists and historians say that the Order of Eight was founded anywhere between the years 450-500, lasting well into the early 720’s, and thought to have remained in the shadows even today. They originated in Greece and spanning across the Eastern coast of Europe and the United Kingdom.
Little is known about the Order of Eight—who created it, and where exactly it was formed, but one thing is known: the goal was to raise an army and conquer the mundane world.
The Order was created by eight witches and wizards, each of great wealth and influence. Known as one of the earliest purist movements, they have been suspected of destroying cities and monuments, though never properly claiming them as their acts. Most of these terrorist attacks are directed towards muggles, such as numerous plagues, and many modern fires, earthquakes, and other maritime or aviation catastrophes.
The Order of Eight can be compared to the modern version of the Illuminati, seen as a secret organization that sits in the shadows, though the Order of Eight has more interest in dominating the muggle world rather than the wizarding world.
In 1878, the first piece of proof of the Order of Eight was a magical coin, found by wizarding archaeologist, Lavinia Howell. The coin was suggested to have been made in 456, by famous Greek goblin, Sarx, for the trademark glow the coin gives when under the light of a half moon.
As mentioned earlier, stories and theories about the Order still float around the media, press, and conversations of young people. Common theories are that the leaders of the American, British, French, German, Chinese, Russian, Australian, and South African wizarding worlds are lead by a Lord or Lady of the Order.
Mr. A. Whitestaff, 5th of September, 2014
"He who fights with monsters should be careful lest he thereby become a monster. And if thou gaze long into an abyss, the abyss will also gaze into thee."
I want to be one of those people who does yoga and eats berries for breakfast, but I’m one of those people who stays in bed until 4 pm and eats pizza.
***URGENT PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT***
Grindr, a popular app for gay men, now carries an urgent warning for users in Egypt. According to many sources, Egyptian authorities are posing as LGBT people on various social media sites to identify and arrest homosexual people. The app is urging users in the region to proceed with extreme caution, especially when identifying themselves or arranging meetings/hookups. While so far the focus seems to be on gay men, all LGBT people in the area should be cautious. Reports show that Egyptian police have carried out violent raids on private homes which lead to the arrests of several gay men. These men were then subjected to disturbing medical “exams.” Police also raided an LGBT party last year, violently arresting many and sentencing them to up to 12 years hard labour. While homosexuality is not illegal in Egypt, athorities are using sexual deviance, debauchery and insulting public morals as terms for the crackdown. Many claim this fresh attack on the LGBT community is lead by President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi who wishes for his country to be more Islamic.
For all of my LGBT friends here on tumblr, please be extremely careful as this situation develops. Remember to clear your search history, use private browsing if possible, and be extremely cautious with who you talk to online.
Archaeologists working at the site of Pliska, once the capital of the First Bulgarian Kingdom, have uncovered a luxurious royal baths that they believe date back to the ninth century CE.
The baths are probably the oldest medieval baths found in the country, reports…
A L L H A I L T H E C Y B E R F I S H
┗FEMALE HISTORICAL FIGURE CHALLENGE/MEME:
- Day Four: A female historical figure you relate to - Lucrezia Borgia
Lucrezia Borgia was born on April 18, 1480, in Subiaco, near Rome. She was the daughter of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia (c. 1431–1503), who would later become Pope Alexander VI, and one of his mistresses, Vannozza Cattanei, who was also the mother of Lucrezia’s two older brothers, Cesare and Giovanni. Lucrezia reportedly spoke and wrote several languages, among them Italian, French, Latin, and Greek.
She was married for the first time before entering her teenage years. She was engaged to one nobleman and then another before her father had the engaements dissolved so that he could arrange for her to be married to Giovanni Sforza, 15 years her senior, who was Lord of Pesaro and Count of Catignola. Lucrezia’s father, Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, was named Pope Alexander VI in 1492, and Lucrezia was married a year later.
Four years later, Lucrezia’s marriage became less politically advantageous, and Pope Alexander VI sought to have it annulled under the pretense of the relationship never having been consummated. While annulment negotiations were ongoing between the Borgias and the Sforzas, Lucrezia rested in a nearby convent. She had clearly consummated a relationship with some individual, however, because when annulment was officially granted on December 27, 1497, Lucrezia was six months pregnant.
Reports of her pregnancy were initially refuted, but in March 1498 a son, Giovanni, was born in secret (he wouldn’t be publically revealed until three years later). The child’s paternity was never established, and Rome’s gossips later wondered whether he was the product of incest, or whether Lucrezia was truly his mother. Two papal decrees were issued on the matter, the first stating that Giovanni was the illegitimate son of Cesare and the next stating that he was the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander.
In July 1498, Lucrezia married Alfonso of Aragon, the 17-year-old Duke of Bisceglie and son of the late king of Naples, and they had a child together. Unfortunately for Alfonso, by 1500, Pope Alexander and Lucrezia’s brother Cesare sought a new alliance with France, and Lucrezia’s marriage to Alfonso was a major obstacle.
On July 15, 1500, Alfonso was stabbed several times, but he survived. On August 18, his luck ran out, when, as is generally believed, Cesare’s hired men to strangle Alfonso to death as he lay recovering from his previous stab wounds.
After Alfonso’s death, Lucrezia’s father arranged for her to be married to Alfonso d’Este, Duke of Ferrara, in early 1502. Lucrezia’s new husband was initially hesitant because of the Borgia reputation. The couple soon moved out of Rome to Ferrara, escaping the endless scheming of her father and brother, and the pair had several children (many of whom died young). With this marriage, Lucrezia managed to rise above her family’s reputation, and she thrived in her new surroundings.
In 1503, Lucrezia’s father, Pope Alexander, died, and with him many of Cesare’s remaining plots died as well. Lucrezia’s life became more stable, and when Alfonso’s father died in 1505, Lucrezia and Alfonso became the reigning duke and duchess of Ferrara. Over the next several years, Lucrezia gained a reputation as a patron of the arts, and she presided over a famed and flourishing artistic community.
In 1512, Lucrezia withdrew from public life and turned to religion. It is speculated that her withdrawal was in response to the news that Rodrigo, her son by Alfonso of Aragon, had died. On June 24, 1519, ten days after giving birth to a stillborn girl, Lucrezia Borgia died at the age of 39.
Lucrezia Borgia has primarily been remembered as a member of the scandalous Borgia family—the daughter of the corrupt and scheming Pope Alexander VI and the sister of the immoral and most likely murderous Cesare Borgia.
But history has recently been kinder to Lucrezia, and she is now increasintly viewed as more of a pawn in the wicked games of her family than as a real participant. While she may have accepted the fruits of her family’s schemes, it is likely that her father and brother merely used her to advance their own political agendas. Lucrezia Borgia may have been as much a casualty of her family’s machinations as anyone else who fell victim to them.